MONITORING-PAM

Fluorometer for Long-term Monitoring of Photosynthesis

The chlorophyll fluorometer MONITORING-PAM is designed for unattended, long-term and multi-site
monitoring of chlorophyll fluorescence in air or underwater. At each measuring site, compact and robust
emitter-detector units measure modulated chlorophyll fluorescence and perform saturation pulse analysis.


Depending on system configuration, up to seven sites per MONITORING-PAM system can be measured
simultaneously. At each site, photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) at sample level is recorded so that
relative electron transport rates can be derived from PAR data and photochemical yields of photosystem II.

MONITORING-PAM employed in
FACE experiment –
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